“Unlocking the Secrets of Fertility: Semen Analysis to Understand the Magic of Life”
The birth of a child is one of the most memorable events in a parent’s life. Sometimes, even with perfect timing and repeated attempts, getting pregnant might be quite daunting. It is always a good decision to consult specialists, especially when there are any difficulties in getting pregnant. At Giggles, we ensure that both the future mother and father are ready with their healthy eggs and sperm for the baby.
What is Semen Analysis?
A laboratory test called “semen analysis” looks at different aspects of a man’s semen to gauge his reproductive potential. It is frequently carried out as part of a fertility assessment or when looking into possible causes of infertility.
What are we Looking for in the Semen Sample?
A male produces a sample of semen for semen analysis by masturbating or by using a specific condom during sexual activity. The sample is subsequently examined in a lab to determine several important factors, which include:
- Sperm count: This determines the quantity of sperm in a particular sample. Generally speaking, 15 million or more sperm per millilitre of semen is regarded as a normal sperm count.
- Sperm motility: This measures the proportion of sperm that are swimming and their efficiency. For sperm to reach an egg and fertilize it, mobility is necessary. Guidelines for grading sperm motility based on forward advancement and quality of movement are provided by the World Health Organization (WHO).
- Sperm morphology: This study looks at the structure and form of the sperm. Morphological abnormalities can impact the sperm’s ability to enter an egg and fertilize it. The WHO specifies the percentage of normal forms and offers standards for measuring sperm morphology.
- Semen volume: This measures the overall amount of semen created during ejaculation. The typical volume falls between 1.5 and 5 millilitres.
- pH of semen: The pH value determines whether the semen is acidic or alkaline. The typical pH range is 7.2 to 8.0.
- Other variables: Additional factors that may be evaluated include liquefaction time (how quickly the semen transforms from a gel-like consistency to a liquid state), fructose levels (which show the presence of seminal vesicle function), and white blood cell count (which can indicate the presence of infection or inflammation).
To evaluate whether the results of the semen analysis fall within the normal range, they are compared to established reference values. Any deviation from normal in any of these variables may point to potential problems with fertility, and further investigation or contact with a medical expert in reproductive medicine may be advised.
What Can You Expect During Semen Analysis?
Usually, the following steps take place during a semen analysis:
- Sample collection: The male is provided with a sterile container and instructions on how to gather a semen sample.
- Sample processing: After collection, the sample is delivered to the lab for examination. A lab technician thoroughly examines the sample to determine its suitability for analysis.
- Semen liquefaction: The first stage involves measuring the time it takes for the semen to transition from a gel-like condition to a liquid one. Typically, semen liquefies 20 to 30 minutes after ejaculation.
- Measurement of semen volume: The quantity of ejaculated semen is quantified. The sample is usually transferred to a calibrated tube, and the volume is recorded.
- Sperm count determination: A portion of the semen sample is placed on a slide and inspected under a microscope to determine the sperm count. The technician counts the number of sperm in a specific amount of semen.
- Sperm motility assessment: Another section of the semen sample is examined under a microscope to determine the proportion of moving sperm and the quality of their movement.
Analysis of Sperm Morphology
A small smear of the semen sample is made and stained for the examination of sperm morphology. Additional tests may be conducted depending on the laboratory and specific requirements. These may include determining the pH of the semen, checking for fructose (which indicates the health of the seminal vesicles), and examining for white blood cells (which could indicate an infection or inflammation).
Interpretation of the results
Once the analysis is complete, the lab produces a report outlining the results. These results are analyzed based on defined reference ranges and can be discussed with a physician.
Why is Semen Analysis important?
Semen analysis is required to evaluate male fertility and reproductive health. It assists in determining whether a man’s sperm quantity, motility, and morphology fall within acceptable limits. It is used to determine the cause of infertility, direct fertility treatments, track the effectiveness of such treatments, assess reproductive health, and validate vasectomy operations. Our team at Giggles Hospitals will be there at every stage to guide you through the journey of becoming a parent, starting with ensuring that the swimmers are healthy and ready!
Why should you choose Giggles?
With our hand-picked team for male and female fertility, you can confidently choose Giggles for semen analysis. Renowned for exceptional care, our skilled experts provide personalized assessments, maintain confidentiality, and ensure a comfortable experience. Trust us for accurate results and comprehensive support on your fertility journey.