Menorrhagia (Heavy Menstrual Bleeding)

Menorrhagia is the medical term used to describe excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding. It can be caused by various factors, such as tumours, polyps, fibroids, or bleeding disorders. When we say “heavy,” it refers to a period that extends beyond seven days or involves a greater amount of blood loss compared to typical menstruation. In severe cases, the bleeding can be profuse, necessitating pad changes every hour for several consecutive hours. Large blood clots, sometimes as big as a quarter or even larger, may also pass during this time. Surprisingly, up to 54% of menstruating women face regular heavy bleeding. If your excessive bleeding disrupts your daily activities, it is crucial to consult with your doctor to discuss available treatment options.

What symptoms are present during Menorrhagia?

These are the symptoms of excessive menstrual bleeding:

  • Periods that endure more than seven days.
  • Abdominal Pain.
  • Passing clots of blood larger than the size of a quarter.  
  • Instead of the usual 35–40 millilitres, you lose more blood—more than 80 millilitres—during your period.
  • Experiencing exhaustion, fatigue, or shortness of breath are anaemic symptoms.

You might also experience symptoms of a disorder called pica if you have anaemia. Hair loss, pale complexion, and the tendency to eat non-food objects (such as paper, hair, dirt, etc.) are all signs of pica. Consult a doctor at Giggles known for Best Women And Children Hospital in Kukatpally if you have these symptoms.

What causes Menorrhagia?

Menstrual bleeding can be unusually heavy or prolonged due to various reasons. It can occur during the onset of your period, after childbirth, or during menopause. Some reasons are:

  • Conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome, fibroids, endometriosis, and pelvic inflammatory disease that damage your womb, ovaries, or hormones.
  • Some medications and treatments, such as some anticoagulants and chemotherapy drugs.
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Obesity
  • Sexually transmissible diseases
  • Small, benign (non-cancerous) growths called polyps that develop on the uterine lining might lengthen or intensify menstruation.

Diagnosis of Menorrhagia

In addition to asking you to describe your symptoms, our  doctors at Gynecologist hospital will inquire about your medical history. They will do a physical examination and could be required to request testing, such as an ultrasound, Pap test, or blood test. Additionally, they might take a sample of the uterine lining tissue.

Menorrhagia Treatment

Your doctor might be able to cure your irregular periods using one of these strategies:

  • The hormonal equilibrium in your body can be changed by using birth control tablets, which may eliminate your period pains.
  • Another option to help your periods become lighter is to have an IUD that releases hormones.
  • Your doctor might suggest medication if you have irregular periods, to lessen their frequency. Medication may be necessary only during your menstrual period.
  • If your doctor discovers fibroids or polyps, you can have them removed or reduced in size. The excessive bleeding may stop as a result.
  • Other procedures, such as endometrial ablation and endometrial resection, can potentially permanently remove or harm the uterine lining. 
  • In extreme cases, a hysterectomy may be necessary, resulting in the removal of the uterus, leading to the loss of menstruation and infertility.

Complications with Menorrhagia

Menorrhagia bleeding can cause other problems, such as:

  • Blood loss anaemia
  • Iron deficiency
  • Chronic pain
  • Pale skin
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue

Why Choose Giggles?

Giggles Hospital, known for Best women’s hospital near me is the premier healthcare facility in India, specializing in women’s and children’s care. Our state-of-the-art facilities and adherence to international standards ensure the highest level of care and safety. Our compassionate team of experts is dedicated to improving women’s lives through excellence in diagnosis and treatment. Contact us for a thorough understanding of your condition and effective medical care.

Our Doctors

Dr. Batchu Sowdamini

Senior Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist View Profile
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Dr. Radhika Jupally

Gynecologist and Obstetrician View Profile
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Dr. Padmaja S

Gynaecologist and Obstetrician View Profile
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Frequently Asked Questions

A period longer than seven days is considered to be heavy menstrual bleeding. The cause of your bleeding will determine how long you bleed.

Medication may be used as the initial form of treatment before moving on to minor treatments and surgical alternatives. Decide which alternatives are best for your health and your treatment objectives by speaking with your provider.

While heavy periods are generally not life-threatening, excessive blood loss can pose risks. If you experience bleeding through two or more tampons or pads per hour for two consecutive hours, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention or emergency treatment.

Heavy periods can affect your life if neglected. Additionally, having a heavy period can make you anaemic, fatigued, and weak. If you don’t receive care, other health issues can possibly develop. You may control heavy periods without endangering your health if you receive the right care and support from your doctor.