Diarrhoea is a common ailment that affects most individuals multiple times throughout the year. It is not a disease in itself but rather a symptom that can arise from a wide range of illnesses or infections. When experiencing Diarrhoea, one typically passes loose, watery stools. While most cases of Diarrhoea resolve on their own within a few days, it can occasionally lead to life-threatening complications.

Diarrhoea can be classified into two main categories:

  1. Acute Diarrhoea: This type of Diarrhoea is characterized by loose, watery stools that last for one to two days. Acute Diarrhoea usually resolves without any treatment within a short period of time.
  2. Chronic Diarrhoea: Chronic Diarrhoea refers to a condition where Diarrhoea persists for longer than four weeks or recurs frequently over an extended period.

Causes of Acute Diarrhoea 

Contaminated food and water are the most common causes of acute Diarrhoea. However, various diseases, infections, and factors can contribute to the onset of Diarrhoea, including:

  • Food poisoning
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Tropical diseases like typhoid and cholera
  • Emotional stress or anxiety
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Medications, particularly antibiotics

Causes of Chronic Diarrhoea 

Chronic Diarrhoea is associated with a range of medical conditions, some of which can be serious. It often appears suddenly and can have various underlying causes, such as:

  • Coeliac disease
  • Chronic constipation
  • Hormone disorders
  • Cancer
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Medication side effects
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Irritable bowel syndrome

Symptoms of Chronic Diarrhoea 

Common symptoms of chronic Diarrhoea may include:

  • Bloating
  • Increased bowel movements
  • Urgency to pass stool
  • Stomach cramps
  • Nausea

Diagnosis of Diarrhoea 

To provide effective treatment, it is essential to identify the underlying cause of Diarrhoea. While most cases of acute Diarrhoea can be managed at home, you should seek medical attention if it is caused by an underlying medical condition or virus. For chronic Diarrhoea lasting an extended period, a doctor’s evaluation is necessary to determine the appropriate treatment approach.

The diagnostic process may involve:

  • Gathering a comprehensive medical history, including family history
  • Assessing eating and drinking habits
  • Conducting a stool test to identify signs of inflammation, parasites, bacteria, or blood
  • Performing a blood test
  • Checking thyroid function
  • Conducting a colonoscopy to rule out organic abnormalities
  • Administering a breathalyzer test to detect fructose or lactose intolerance

Treatment for Diarrhoea 

If severe symptoms are present, immediate medical attention is crucial. The treatment of Diarrhoea will depend on the underlying cause and may include:

  • Consuming plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Oral rehydration solutions to replenish lost minerals and salts
  • In severe cases, intravenous fluid replacement may be necessary
  • Antibiotics and anti-nausea medications
  • Anti-Diarrhoeal drugs, if recommended by a doctor. However, these medications should be used cautiously, as they may prolong the duration of illness if the Diarrhoea is caused by an infection.
  • Treating any underlying medical conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease

Preventing Diarrhoea 

Infections often lead to Diarrhoea, but maintaining good hygiene practices can help reduce the risk. Follow these preventive measures:

  • Maintain proper personal and food hygiene
  • Thoroughly wash hands before eating or preparing food
  • Avoid sharing towels and utensils with others in the household
  • Exercise caution when consuming street food

Why Choose Giggles?

Giggles Hospital is India’s leading facility for severe Diarrhoea treatment, providing unparalleled hospital and patient care. With top-tier doctors and cutting-edge technologies, we ensure high-quality treatment. Our strict infection control practices prevent complications and ensure patient well-being.

Our Doctors

Dr. Voleti Murali Krishna

Consultant Paediatrician View Profile
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Dr. Sudheer Kumar

Consultant Paediatric Intensivist and Paediatric Cardiologist View Profile
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Dr. K. Radha Krishna

Chief Consultant Pediatrics View Profile
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Dr. B Rajsekhar

Senior Consultant Paediatrician View Profile
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Dr. M Srinivasa Rao

Consultant Paediatric Surgeon View Profile
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Dr. KV Raja Ramesh

Consultant Pediatrician View Profile
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Dr. Rentala Naveen

Paediatric Intensivist and Neonatologist View Profile
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Dr. K Raja Subba Reddy

Consultant Neonatologist & Paediatrician View Profile
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Frequently Asked Questions

In most cases of severe Diarrhoea, treatment without medication is possible. However, if symptoms persist or if it is chronic, it is advisable to seek medical attention.

Untreated Diarrhoea can lead to fatal dehydration, especially in vulnerable individuals such as children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems. Seek medical help if severe dehydration symptoms are present.

Most antibiotics, particularly those targeting anaerobic bacteria, can cause Diarrhoea. Diarrhoea associated with antibiotics can occur during or after the treatment.

Diarrhoea is characterized by loose, watery, or frequent stools. It typically resolves within a few days to a week.