Adnexal Tumours

Understand and Tackle the Adnexal Tumours; Get All the Required Medical Assistance

Adnexal tumours or adnexal masses are the growths that develop close to the uterus. These types of tumours typically develop in the fallopian tube or ovaries. The fallopian tube joins the ovaries and uterus, and the ovaries are responsible for aiding in the production of hormones and eggs. Even in the connective tissue of this area of the body, tumours can develop.

Adnexal tumours are mostly benign or non-cancerous, but they can occasionally be cancerous. These tumours can be difficult to identify and categorise since they are seen in a range of organs.

Signs & Symptoms of Adnexal Tumours 

Symptoms of adnexal tumours include the following:

  • Pelvic pain.
  • Difficult to urinate.
  • Bleeding near the tumour
  • Constipation.
  • Bloating.
  • Frequent urination
  • Irregular menstrual cycles, particularly in premenopausal women.
  • Gastrointestinal disorders.
  • Pain during sex.

Causes of Adnexal Tumours 

A non-gynaecological or gynaecological condition may be the source of these tumours. Adnexal tumours can be caused by several factors, such as:

  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Endometrioma
  • Leiomyoma
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Ovarian Torsion
  • Tubo-ovarian abscess

How are Adnexal Tumours Diagnosed?

The majority of the time, adnexal tumours are found during regular checkups. Additionally, they could be found through ultrasounds or pelvic exams. To enable medical professionals to assess the features of an adnexal tumour, most patients will require a transvaginal ultrasound. The healthcare practitioner might order additional lab and imaging tests after making a diagnosis to find the exact source of the adnexal tumour. To rule out ectopic pregnancy, you could occasionally be requested to take a pregnancy test. Women who obtain a positive pregnancy test and experience abdominal or pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding may have an ectopic pregnancy, for which prompt medical intervention is required.

What is the treatment for Adnexal Tumors?

The course of treatment varies depending on the condition of the disease. Your healthcare professional will probably keep an eye on the problem with recurring imaging examinations if the adnexal lump is benign and not hurting. Many times, adnexal tumours frequently disappear without treatment.

 The possible treatment options include:

  • Continued surveillance
  • Medical therapy
  • Surgical intervention
  • Using Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) and promoting ovulation in infertile females.

An individualised treatment plan will be created by your healthcare professional as per the assessment. To ensure that the tumour doesn’t spread, your doctor will probably do periodic imaging tests to monitor it. Surgery will be advised if the tumour increases if you experience more discomfort, internal bleeding, or if it is cancerous.

Are Adnexal tumours preventable?

Adnexal tumours cannot currently be prevented. However, you can lower your risk for related complications with early detection. It’s crucial to visit your doctor for regular follow-ups if you’ve been diagnosed with an adnexal tumour. The incidence of recurring ovarian cysts can occasionally be reduced with the use of medications.

Self-Management of Adnexal Tumours

Adnexal tumour pain can be managed at home with the use of several self-management techniques, such as:

  • Warm compression is applied to the abdominal muscles.
  • As soon as you desire to urinate, empty your bladder to lessen the tension on your pelvic muscles.
  • Eat more high-fibre meals to prevent constipation.

What can Giggles Hospitals do to assist?

Giggles Hospital has highly skilled and experienced medical professionals who are always updated on recent medical developments. Our patients receive extended postoperative care & support from us, and we are dedicated to operating in an ecologically conscious manner. We offer a secure environment for clients, staff members, and guests alike. Utilising cutting-edge tools and technology, we make sure to offer treatments that are both efficient and affordable. 

Our Doctors

Dr. Batchu Sowdamini

Senior Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist View Profile
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Dr. Radhika Jupally

Gynecologist and Obstetrician View Profile
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Dr. Padmaja S

Gynaecologist and Obstetrician View Profile
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Menstural Problems – Dr M N V Pallavi, Chief Consultant
Managing Pregnancy – Dr M N V Pallavi, Chief Consultant – Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Giggles, Vizag
Ovarian Cysts – Dr M N V Pallavi, Chief Consultant – Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Giggles, Vizag

Frequently Asked Questions

Most adnexal tumours aren’t harmful, and some of them may even fade away on their own with time. The tumour may, in rare cases, be malignant. Adnexal tumours may be fatal in certain circumstances.

The majority of adnexal masses are not urgent, however, if you have acute pain, fevers, or dizziness, then you should seek immediate medical evaluation.

Adnexal masses frequently don’t cause harm and ultimately go away by themselves. On the other hand, surgical removal may be suggested if they result in painful symptoms. In order to check for ovarian torsion, a surgical emergency, you should get in touch with your doctor right away if you have severe discomfort or fevers.

Adnexal tumours are often benign (non-cancerous). However, between 15 and 20 per cent of adnexal tumours may develop into cancer. Post-menopausal women are more likely than pre-menopausal women to acquire malignant adnexal tumours.