Sterilization (Family planning)

Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control suitable for individuals who are certain they do not want children or do not wish to have any more. It is available for both men and women, with various procedures to choose from. In this article, we will explore the different methods of sterilization, their pros and cons, and address some frequently asked questions.

Female Sterilization

  • There are surgical and non-surgical methods of female sterilization, each with its own approach to ensuring the prevention of sperm and egg interaction.
  • Surgical sterilization, commonly known as tubal ligation, involves the tying and severing of the fallopian tubes. The tubes can also be closed using clips, clamps, rings, or electrical currents. This procedure permanently blocks the tubes, eliminating the possibility of pregnancy.
  • Non-surgical sterilization utilizes a special catheter to insert a small, flexible metal insert into the fallopian tubes through the vagina. This method also closes down the tubes, preventing the passage of sperm and eggs. However, for the first three months following the procedure, an additional form of contraception is required. After this initial period, the sterilization becomes permanent.

Male Sterilization

Male sterilization, commonly referred to as a vasectomy, is a surgical procedure that involves severing the sperm-carrying ducts. The surgery can be performed under local anesthesia, and after the procedure, a man can still ejaculate, but his semen will be free of sperm. It is important to note that while reversals are occasionally possible, there are no guarantees, as the reversal process is complex and may not always be successful.

Pros and Cons of Sterilization


  • It continues forever.
  • Extremely efficient
  • No Uses of Hormones
  • It doesn’t stop sexual activity.
  • Other medications have no effect on it.
  • suitable for anyone looking for a permanent form of contraception who has never wanted to have a child.


  • After surgery, it could result in pain, bleeding, infection, or other consequences.
  • It could result in a tubal pregnancy. 
  • Does not offer protection from AIDS, AIDS-related diseases, or other sexually transmitted diseases.
  • The fallopian tubes might reattach and restore the patient’s fertility, although this is unusual.
  • Reversing is difficult.

Why Choose Giggles?

At Giggles Hospitals, we are committed to providing high-quality healthcare services at affordable prices. Our mission is to create a unique healthcare environment with a highly skilled medical team, cutting-edge technologies, and significant research resources. Our dedicated medical staff is available round the clock to ensure the well-being of our patients.

Our Doctors

Dr. Batchu Sowdamini

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Dr. Radhika Jupally

Gynecologist and Obstetrician View Profile
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Dr. Padmaja S

Gynaecologist and Obstetrician View Profile
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Frequently Asked Questions

Sexually transmitted diseases (STIs), such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are not protected from sterilization. To safeguard against such diseases, use a condom made of latex or polyurethane. 

A very efficient method of preventing pregnancy is sterilization. Less than 1 in 100 women become pregnant within a year of undergoing the procedure.

After being sterilized, you will still get periods. You must utilize contraception up to and including three months following the procedure, until your next period arrives.