Endometrial Cancer

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Endometrial cancer is the most frequent kind of gynecologic cancer among the population. It is a form of uterine cancer that begins from the inner lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium.

Women over 50 have a higher chance of developing endometrial cancer than younger women. According to the study, around one in every 100 women get diagnosed with uterine cancer at some time in their life. More than 80% of patients with uterine cancer survive for five years or more after being diagnosed. Let’s discuss the various aspects of endometrial cancer.

What is the cause of Endometrial Cancer?

Endometrial cancer typically has an unclear type of specific aetiology. The most typical indication of endometrial cancer occurs after menopause and involves unusual vaginal bleeding. If it is discovered in its early stages, it is highly likely to get completely cured. 

Your endometrium is impacted when the amounts of certain sex hormones change. The amount of oestrogen & progesterone in the body can sometimes fluctuate. Endometrial cells proliferate and multiply as the balance shifts in favour of higher oestrogen concentrations. These endometrial cells can develop into cancer if specific genetic alterations take place. They develop a tumour as those cancer cells multiply quickly.

Menstruating before the age of 12 years old, irregular ovulation, menopause after the age of 50, obesity, diabetes, never having been pregnant, and usage of the drug tamoxifen are additional risk factors. The disorder called HNPCC (Genetic Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer) is known to increase the risk of endometrial cancer.

What signs indicate Endometrial Cancer?

Abnormal vaginal bleeding is one of endometrial cancer’s most prevalent symptoms. This may consist of the following:

  • The duration or intensity of menstrual cycles changes.
  • In-between-menstrual-cycle spotting or bleeding in the cervix.
  • Bleeding in the vagina after menopause

The following are other signs of endometrial cancer:

  • Vaginal discharge that is cloudy or has a bloody tint
  • Lower abdominal or pelvic discomfort
  • Pain during sex
  • Unintended loss of weight

Make an appointment with the doctor if you notice any of these signs. Although these symptoms may not always indicate a serious condition, it’s still important to have them evaluated by a medical professional.

Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer

The following tests and techniques are used to diagnose endometrial cancer:

  • Pelvic examination
  • Ultrasound 
  • Biopsy
  • Using a hysteroscope to examine the endometrium
  • Performing surgery to remove tissue for testing

Various Stages of Endometrial Cancer

Once cancer has been found, the doctor works to determine the cancer’s stage. An X-ray of the chest, a CT scan, a PET scan, and blood tests may be used to diagnose the condition. Until or after the surgery, the final staging of the cancer may not be known.

Various endometrial cancer stages include:

  • Stage I – Cancer only detected in the uterus
  • Stage II – Cancer can be found in both the uterus and the cervix.
  • Stage III – Cancer might have spread beyond the uterus but has not reached the rectum or bladder, but lymph nodes in the pelvic region may be impacted.
  • Stage IV – Cancer has progressed beyond the pelvic area and can affect your bladder, rectum, and other organs.

Treatment of the Endometrial Cancer

Stage, overall health, and personal preferences all affect how endometrial cancer is treated. One or more of the treatments listed below will be suggested based on these variables.

  • Radiation – To eliminate cancer cells, radiation treatment employs powerful energy beams. The doctor may occasionally recommend radiation to lower the likelihood of cancer returning after surgery. In some circumstances, radiation therapy may also be recommended before surgery to help a tumour shrink and become easier to remove. Doctors might only recommend radiation therapy if the patient is too sick to have surgery.  
  • Hormone Therapy – Taking medications that affect the levels of hormones in the body is a part of hormone therapy. If advanced endometrial cancer is found, hormone therapy may be a feasible option. 
  • Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells by using chemicals. Women with endometrial cancer that has spread outside the uterus and is advanced or recurrent may be advised to undergo chemotherapy.
  • Surgery – The majority of endometrial cancer patients favour removing the uterus surgically. The ovaries & fallopian tubes are also removed during a hysterectomy, the procedure most endometrial cancer patients choose. 

If you are looking for the best hospital for cancer care and cancer surgery, Giggles Hospital is the most preferred choice. We at Giggles always follow the patient-centric approach, and we are well-equipped with the newest technologies to provide world-class medical care. The success of the procedure is guaranteed by the years of experience of our top onco-surgeons and oncologists. Schedule a consultation with the best oncologist gynaecologist at Giggles today for precise diagnosis and effective treatment.

Our Doctors

Dr. Batchu Sowdamini

Senior Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist View Profile
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Dr. Radhika Jupally

Gynecologist and Obstetrician View Profile
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Dr. Padmaja S

Gynaecologist and Obstetrician View Profile
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Frequently Asked Questions

 In certain regions, the endometrium’s covering starts to deepen and expand. A tumour that develops in the thickened portions of the body may later spread to other parts of the body.

The stage of cancer affects the survival rate. Nearly 95% of these girls continue to live even after being diagnosed for five decades when the disease is limited to the endometrium. After five decades from diagnosis, the survival rate will be around 65% when it spreads to other body parts.

The doctor frequently suggests a few tests to find endometrial cancer. Transvaginal ultrasound, hysteroscopy, and tissue biopsy are crucial examinations.

The prognosis for endometrial cancer is better when the tumour is contained within the uterus and can be treated successfully. Surgery is not a feasible option for the treatment of cancer in its advanced stages or once it has spread to other areas.