Tests for Thalassemia and Sickle cell disease
“Get ahead of the curve: Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Disease Screening for Early Detection.”
Thalassemia is a blood disease that is inherited within families. The disorder causes the body not to make enough of an important protein called haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is an integral part of red blood cells which enables them to carry oxygen. Without optimal levels of haemoglobin in the blood, those affected may suffer from anaemia, fatigue, slow growth, facial bone deformities, etc.
While mild Thalassemia can be managed, serious forms of the disease can be dangerous. The earlier any disease is identified, the better chances of its treatment and management.
Sickle Cell Disease
Sickle Cell Disease belongs to a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. This condition also affects the haemoglobin in the blood as well as the shape of the red blood cells. Normally, the red blood cells are round and disc-shaped. However, those with the sickle cell gene have RBCs that are crescent or “sickle-shaped,” affecting their movement in the bloodstream and blocking blood flow in the body.
Those affected with sickle cell disease may experience anaemia, slow growth, frequent infections, pain, swelling, and vision problems.
Why is Screening Necessary?
Both sickle cell anaemia and Thalassemia are inherited blood disorders. The only cure for them is a stem cell transplant in some cases, which can carry significant risks. However, both disorders can be managed effectively with medications and lifestyle improvements. Early detection plays a key role in timely and effective management and treatment of the disease. It can also reduce the potential risks and enhance the quality of life of the individual. Additionally, screening can identify carriers of the disease, which is important for genetic counselling and family planning. Overall, screening is a crucial step when it comes to preventing and managing Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Disease.
Tests done at Giggles Hospital for Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Disease
Our team at Giggles Hospitals for Best Children Hospital in Kukatpally is especially cautious when it comes to inherited disorders that affect children. We do provide all the tests and treatments under one roof. We also offer counselling for parents and guide them about how to best manage such disorders if their children have them. Our Paediatric doctors are specially trained to help the child feel comfortable during these tests and treatments. Common tests done for Thalassemia and Sickle Cell Disease include:
- Blood tests
- Genetic tests
- Prenatal screening
- Newborn screening
In addition to these tests, we may also perform additional tests if the child is diagnosed with any of these disorders. Such tests will help us assess the level of complications and what type of sickle cell disease or Thalassemia the child has. This helps us devise an appropriate treatment plan for the child.