Tips for Healthy Pregnancy

March 5th, 2024 | 6:24 am


Pregnancy is one of the most delicate phases of a woman’s life. Hence, it is important to maintain optimal health during pregnancy, as it is important for both the mother and the baby. During this period, women go through tremendous physical, emotional, and mental changes that require attentive care and support. Complete healthcare during pregnancy goes beyond routine physical checkups – it includes a holistic approach that addresses the mental and emotional well-being of the mother – which is crucial throughout the pregnancy phase.

It is also recommended to ensure a balanced diet, regular exercise, adequate rest, and mental health support – considered essential prenatal care elements. They support the baby’s physical development and prepare the mother for a healthy delivery and postpartum recovery. 

Additionally, it is recommended that expecting moms seek medical advice for mental health difficulties, engage in open conversation with their doctors, and enlist the support of friends and family. This improves their pregnancy experience, lowers any health concerns, and creates a nurturing atmosphere for their unborn child. 

Importance of Early and Regular Checkups

Early and regular checkups are required for pregnancy-related health and safety concerns for the pregnant woman as well as the unborn child. During these prenatal appointments, the doctors check the development of the pregnancy, identify and treat any health issues early on, and offer helpful advice on leading a healthy lifestyle. 

Also, frequent checkups help in the early detection of diseases that might impact the health of the mother and the unborn child during pregnancy. These checkups include specific tests that help identify conditions such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and other related issues. These consultations help understand any condition that might affect the mother and the child at the time or later and help chart a treatment plan for it in advance. Moreover, during initial consultations, the doctors also help prepare a healthy diet plan for the mother. 

Doctors usually advise ultrasound scans as part of these checkups because they aid in evaluating the baby’s development and identifying any abnormalities out of all the tests and screenings. Pregnant women can significantly lower their risk of difficulties by scheduling routine prenatal visits, which will guarantee a safer pregnancy and delivery procedure.

Key Screenings and Tests During Pregnancy

During pregnancy, several screenings and tests are crucial for monitoring the health of the mother and the developing baby. The tests are categorised depending on the trimesters, which include:

  • First Trimester Screenings: Blood tests and ultrasound to assess the risk of chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome.
  • Second Trimester Screenings: Triple or quad screen blood tests to detect neural tube defects and other conditions.
  • Ultrasound Scans: These are conducted around 18-22 weeks to examine the fetus’s anatomy for developmental issues.
  • Glucose Screening Test: Checks for gestational diabetes around 24-28 weeks.
  • Group B Streptococcus Screening: Performed around 35-37 weeks to detect bacteria that could be harmful during delivery.
  • Rh Factor: A blood test to determine Rh compatibility between mother and baby.

12 Tips for Healthy Pregnancy

Here are 12 pregnancy tips for a seamless pregnancy journey: 

Ensure Proper Prenatal Care

It is important to visit your healthcare provider regularly, which is crucial for monitoring the mother and baby’s health. It can also prevent complications and inform you about important steps in your pregnancy. Also, as soon as you find out you are pregnant, it’s a good idea to start taking prenatal vitamins. Several doctors advise starting to take them as soon as you begin trying to conceive. This is because the neural tube – which eventually grows into the brain and spinal cord – begins to form in the first month of pregnancy, making it critical to receive vital nutrients like folate, calcium, and iron from the beginning.

Focus on your Nutrition

Doctors usually recommend eating a balanced diet of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and dairy. Avoid raw fish, undercooked meats, and unpasteurized cheeses to reduce the risk of foodborne illnesses. In addition, pregnant women are also advised to say yes to their pregnancy cravings. Some say it is nature’s way of providing nutrients to pregnant women. However, experts say that cravings are driven by hormones, which lead to mood swings and feelings of hunger. Expecting mothers are advised to eat food with proper nutrients and avoid too much junk. 

Maintain Proper Hydration

Hydration is essential during pregnancy as it helps form the amniotic fluid, increases blood volume, and mitigates the risk of urinary tract infections – which are common during pregnancy. Apart from water, you can have milk, infused water, vegetable juices, coconut water, fresh fruit juices, smoothies, etc. 

Exercise Regularly

Attend a pregnancy fitness class or go for a moderately paced walk for at least 15 to 20 minutes each day, preferably inside or in a cool, shaded environment to avoid overheating. Most pregnant women can benefit greatly from Pilates, yoga, swimming, and walking. Nevertheless, consult a healthcare professional before beginning any fitness regimen. On most days of the week, try to get 30 minutes of exercise. But pay attention to your body and avoid going overboard.

Take Proper Rest

Pregnant women should rest adequately, as it helps your body exert significant effort to support your baby’s development. It’s vital to understand your body’s signals and rest whenever necessary. Resting also helps manage fatigue, and proper rest helps cope with pregnancy’s physical demands. Also, it plays a key role in promoting overall well-being and preparing for the challenges of childbirth and motherhood.

Avoid Toxins

Toxins can harm your baby. Toxins not only include smoking and alcohol but also some over-the-counter and prescription medications. Moreover, pregnant women should quit smoking, alcohol consumption, or taking any illegal substances, and even solvents like paint thinners and nail polish remover. In contrast, pregnant women might cause congenital abnormalities, miscarriages, and other pregnancy issues. Hence, it is advisable to consult a doctor if you are unable to quit smoking or alcohol. Also, let your doctor know if you are on some blood thinners. 

Educate Yourself

Whether it is your first baby, attending childbirth and parenting classes helps prepare for your baby’s arrival. These classes help enhance knowledge about labour, delivery, and newborn care, reduce anxiety, and improve confidence. Also, these classes and sessions offer insights into breastfeeding, postpartum care, and early childhood development, fostering a deeper connection between you and your baby. 

Recognize Warning Signs

Complications such as persistent headaches, vision changes, swelling, severe abdominal pain, or decreased foetal movements are major warning signs. If you feel these conditions, contact your healthcare provider immediately to ensure any complications are handled efficiently and effectively.

Prepare for Birth

You must start preparing for the labour and delivery around your third trimester. Choose a birth plan, pack a hospital bag, and make arrangements for transportation to the hospital. 

Enjoy the Journey

Despite the challenges, pregnancy is a unique and special time. Take time to bond with your baby, document your pregnancy journey, and prepare for the exciting changes ahead. You can also go shopping for yourself and your baby. Wear comfortable shoes, as walking might be difficult due to fluid retention in your feet and ankles. 


Being pregnant for the first time can be confusing and scary – thinking about how things will go. But, taking proactive steps towards a healthy pregnancy can aid in the well-being of mother and baby. It is always advised to communicate and seek professional help, as it helps identify any early signs of complications or other conditions. Moreover, self-care is equally important, as it helps manage stress and promotes overall health. This period is a time to prioritise health, well-being, and support.