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Gestational diabetes (gestational diabetes)

Some women, during pregnancy, develop high blood sugar. This condition of gestational diabetes is called gestational diabetes.

During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones that increase sugar levels in the body. Gestational diabetes can occur anytime during pregnancy, but it is most common in the second half of pregnancy. Sometimes, a woman may become diabetic before she becomes pregnant (over diabetes).

A woman is more likely to have gestational diabetes:

  • If the body mass index (BMI) is more than 30
  • If there is a history of gestational diabetes
  • If there are medical problems such as high blood pressure or type II diabetes
  • Genetically predisposed to diabetes
  • If you are African-American, Asian, Hispanic or Native American

In India, gestational diabetes has been on the rise for the past few decades due to lifestyle, eating habits and the use of routine screening tests. Diabetes can adversely affect pregnancy in the form of miscarriage, abnormal babies, infections, excessive amniotic fluid, older children, pre-term delivery, unexplained intrauterine death and increased operative interventions.

It is definitely possible to have a normal and healthy baby with diabetes during pregnancy if blood sugar levels are properly controlled.

Symptoms of gestational diabetes:

Women with mild gestational diabetes do not show any symptoms. If sugar levels rise, a woman may experience the following symptoms:

  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Excessive thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Snoring

Diagnosis of gestational diabetes:

Gestational diabetes occurs from the 24th week of pregnancy to the 28th week. Checking sugar levels during this period is a good practice. Your health care provider may suggest that you be tested early in pregnancy if you are at high risk. High-risk women may need to be tested twice (or) three times during pregnancy.

Glucose testing is performed to test for gestational diabetes. In this test, you should drink 50 grams of glucose (GCT). An hour later, the sugar test takes place. Further tests are performed if sugar levels are above the prescribed limits (140 mg / dL or higher).

If sugar levels are borderline or you are at high risk, you may be advised to get tested again.

Treatment of gestational diabetes:

The first step in treatment is to regulate diet and introduce exercise. However, if sugar levels are unstable, your doctor may prescribe medications or insulin injections.

The mother will scrutinize for the entire term of the pregnancy for any potential problems. Early delivery can be planned to avoid problems for the fetus.

Close monitoring is also required as the baby is at risk for hypoglycemia and neonatal jaundice.

Giggles by Omni has the best obstetrics and gynecology department in Vizag. The best gynecologists in Vizag have sophisticated equipment to deal with high risk pregnancy. It is possible to deliver a normal baby with gestational diabetes with the help of a good health care provider

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